West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

The Brewing Conflict of the Blue Nile: Egyptian/Ethiopian Conflict of Water Resource Control

by Luke Hally Water rights and conflict are now an ever common undertone contributory pairing of contemporary disputes. This is certainly the case for regions that are at the forefront of water access and resource scarcity. Out of all these regions, the most pressing development of this scarcity can be analysed within the African continent. The most daunting of these conflicts on an interstate level revolves around the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which will directly impact the water rights of Sudan and Egypt. These Upper Nile nations…

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Asia & Oceania Europe West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

The Ethical Quagmire of Proxy Militia in Contemporary Security Governance

by Luke Hally International engagements in interstate warfare have altered the amalgamation and structure of conventional military decorum and competency overlap of achieving state aims. This change has become further entrenched in security doctrine within an overt structure of security governance. Proxy militia utilisation has remained a staple of conflict since antiquity yet is frequently scrutinised for its effectiveness in achieving security aims and adhering to similar ethical scrutiny of core state armed force units.  Particularly when it comes to internationally recognised conventions that govern the rules of engagements and…

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Asia & Oceania Europe Sub-Saharan Africa West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

Water Wars

by Luke Hally Traditional conflict modelling peacebuilding policy implementation has of late not taken into consideration the gravity and extent of contribution of the impact of water resource access has upon conflict-prone regions. This potent strategic resource has played a significant part within contemporary examples of conventional conflict. Examples that will only increase in severity and gravity as populations begin to grow and climate becomes more volatile in its ever-changing form.  Consecutive modern conflicts have had core undertones of water rights and access to clean drinking water as a stipulation…

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Sub-Saharan Africa West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

Heritage Destruction: An Overlooked Conflict Contributor

by Luke Hally The looting of antiquities is a frequently overlooked aspect when considering the variables of conflict causation and continuation. The private market of antiquities is often allowed to operate with less stringent scrutiny than petroleum or rare earth minerals. This lack of scrutiny is present in the most prestigious auction houses, such as Christie’s, as recent as June 2020, with two Igbo statues looted during the Biafran war in Nigeria. It acts as a proxy front for both militant and regime officials to evade sanctions and raise funds…

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